The African Peace Facility (APF) was set up to support peace and security on the African continent in the framework of the EU-Africa Partnership. The three main strands of action are capacity building, peace support operations and the development of an early response mechanism.
Support for peace building and peacekeeping operations is at the heart of the APF’s action. The partners can look back on a number of achievements in this regard: the facility has successfully supported peace missions in the Central African Republic, Sudan, Somalia and the Comoros.
- African Union Mission in Somalia: the AMISOM mission provides support to the transitory federal institutions and helps with the delivery of humanitarian aid and the creation of favourable conditions for reconstruction, reconciliation and sustainable development in the country.
- Consolidation of peace in the Central African Republic: the MICOPAX mission has the mandate to protect civilians, secure the territory, contribute to the national reconciliation process and to facilitate the political dialogue initiated by President Bozize.
- African Union Mission in Sudan: the AMIS mission was launched to improve the security situation in Sudan, facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid and the return of refugees, protect civilians and monitor the ceasefire in Darfur.
- Ensuring safety during the elections in the Comoros: the AMISEC mission helped to stabilise the country during the elections in 2006 through ensuring security as well as providing technical, logistical and financial support.
African institutions involved in these operations need sound structures and sufficient resources to address the challenges on the ground effectively. This is why the EU is supporting the operationalisation of the different elements of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) (such as the African Standby Force, the Continental Early Warning System, etc.), aiming at strengthening the planning and management capacities of the AU Commission and the Regional Economic Communities (RECs). ,
The early response mechanism provides immediate funding for the first stages of mediation actions and for fact finding missions by the AU or RECs and ad hoc reinforcement of the planning cells ahead of peace support operations.
A total of €740 million have already been earmarked by the EU to carry out these actions. All missions are carried out by Africans.
Created by the EU in 2004, the facility was put in place following a call by African leaders at the Maputo summit in 2003. It is part of the Africa-EU Partnership on Peace and Security aiming to bring peace and stability to the African continent as a basis for sustainable development.