Senior Officials from across Europe and Africa met in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on November 14 and 15, 2018 to follow up on the progress made under the five priority domains of the Joint Valletta Action Plan (JVAP) adopted at the Migration Summit in Malta in 2015.
The Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) gave an opportunity to all African and European partners to reiterate the core principles of solidarity, partnership, and shared responsibility. The participants expressed their commitment to respond decisively and to jointly manage migration flows in all their aspects. The meeting focused on the state of play of the Joint Valletta Action Plan, including analysis and suggestions for a way forward.
Valletta partners recognize the need to strengthen the fight against irregular migration through cooperation and mutual trust and stepping up effort to stop trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants. The partners committed to deepen their cooperation and dialogue on migration and mobility between Africa and Europe, recognising the AU-EU-UN Task Force as an important example. Valletta partners note the importance of promoting constructive and long-term approach to migration and mobility, which can benefit countries of origin, transit and destination.
The partners also discussed the Khartoum and Rabat Processes, which, as key dialogues, are mandated to monitor and report on the implementation and progress of the Joint Valletta Action Plan. In preparation for this SOM, the processes produced their respective Analysis Report in which they take stock of the work to date.
To address the root causes of irregular migration, the Rabat and Khartoum Processes call for intensified efforts on the creation of economic opportunities, decent jobs, vocational education and training, especially for youth and women, support to SMEs and increased access to finance. Both processes reiterate the importance of investing in agriculture, reducing disaster risks and preventing the negative effects of climate change.