The 2017 annual report of the African Peace Facility (APF) delivers insight into the key instrument of the European Union to support the African Union's and African Regional Economic Communities' efforts in peace and security.
Since 2004, the APF has supported 14 African-led Peace Support Operations (PSOs). In 2017, the most active operations were in Somalia, Guinea Bissau, South Sudan, the Gambia, the Lake Chad Basin, the Sahel and Central Africa. In 2017, as in previous years, the largest share of APF funds was allocated to PSOs, notably to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) (EUR 239.4 million in 2017). The APF also supports the structural and long-term response to African peace and security challenges through the Operationalisation of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) and capacity building initiatives. Additionally, with the Early Response Mechanism (ERM), the APF continued to support the AU and the RECs in preventing crises across Africa. In 2017, the ERM supported mediation (Libya), shuttle diplomacy (South Sudan), conflict prevention related to electoral processes (Liberia) as well as the kickstart of a Peace Support Operation (the Gambia).
Since its creation in 2004, EUR 2.7 billion has been allocated to a combination of immediate short-term funding in the event of crises and longer-term support for institutional capacity building in African peace and security. The upward trend for payments reached a peak in 2017, with EUR 385 million. Over the years, the African Peace Facility (APF) has become one of the main instruments supporting Africa-EU cooperation on peace and security.