Contributing to the establishment of effective state control in areas affected by armed terrorist groups and criminal groups in order to create favourable conditions for the socio-economic development of the G5 Sahel region.
As the security situation deteriorated in the Sahel region, the Heads of States of the G5 Sahel countries (Mali, Niger, Chad, Mauritania, Burkina Faso) decided to create a Joint Force in Bamako on 7 February 2017. The EU has welcomed the establishment of this force as a clear demonstration of the G5 Sahel countries' willingness to tackle the deterioration of the security environment in the region, and to cooperate against transnational threats in a coordinated and structured manner.
EU support to the G5 Sahel Joint Force amounting to EUR 50 million was announced by the EU High Representative at the EU-G5 Summit held in Bamako on 5 June 2017. This was increased to EUR 100 million through the addition of a further EUR 50 million at the Brussels Sahel Conference on 23 February 2018.
- A delegation agreement for EUR 50 million with Expertise France was signed in August 2017 to provide adequate equipment to the joint force. Through a system of purchase orders the EU, as the contracting authority, is able to validate each financing request from the G5 Sahel Joint Force and to decide which goods and services will be delivered. Negotiations are currently ongoing regarding a top-up of the contract
- A delegation agreement for EUR 10 million with the United Nations Secretariat was signed in February 2018 to allow for the provision of operational and logistical support to the G5 Sahel Joint Force by the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali (MINUSMA, as per UNSC Resolution 2391 (2017)
- Furthermore, negotiations are ongoing regarding a grant agreement with the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the implementation of a human rights and international humanitarian legal compliance framework for the operations of the joint force. An additional envelope in support of the G5 governance structure is foreseen, to assist the G5 in establishing its trust fund as well as relevant committees.
APF support to the joint force is part of the EU's integrated approach to the Sahel region. It is complementary to ongoing development activities, including under the EU Trust Fund for Africa, actions under the instrument contributing to stability and peace, as well as CSDP missions in the region (EUTM Mali, EUCAP Sahel Mali and EUCAP Sahel Niger) and the deployment of EU Member State experts under Article 28.
EU support is complemented by the support of numerous other donors. At the Brussels Sahel Conference on 23 February 2018, EU Member States pledged a total of EUR 76 million in support to the G5 Sahel Joint Force. Additional support by other donors, including Norway, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and the US, as well as the five G5 Sahel countries, brings the total of pledged support to EUR 414 million.
Part of the support from the EU Member States will be channelled through the APF. In March 2018, Luxembourg and the European Commission have signed a transfer agreement regarding a contribution of EUR 600,000 for the construction of a field hospital in Sévaré, to be channelled through the APF. Negotiations regarding similar contributions are ongoing with several other member states.
- The main objective of EU support to the G5 Sahel Joint Force is to contribute to the re-establishment of effective state control over areas affected by armed terrorist groups and criminal groups in order to create favourable conditions for the socio-economic development of the G5 Sahel region
- The EU support to the G5 Sahel Joint Force is intended to ensure that its headquarters and command posts are adequately manned and equipped to perform the duties assigned and that it has the means to conduct what is specified in the Concept of Operations (CONOPS).