Longer-term support for institutional capacity building in peace and security. The main objective of the capacity building component is to support the African Union (AU), the Regional Economic Communities and the Regional Mechanisms (RECs/RMs) addressing security challenges. In particular, this component supports the AU and the RECs/RMs in operationalizing the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) to manage and resolve conflicts in Africa.
The main objective of the capacity building component of the African Peace Facility (APF) is to give the African Union (AU), the Regional Economic Communities and the Regional Mechanisms (RECs/RMs) the necessary instruments to address security challenges through effective and efficient institutions. This component therefore supports the AU and the RECs/RMs in operationalizing the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) and the implementation of the 2016-2020 APSA Roadmap in order to manage and resolve conflicts in Africa. EUR 170 million have been contracted since 2004 under the capacity building component of the APF.
Main projects and initiatives
- The flagship EU initiative in this context is the APSA Support Programme, contributing to the prevention of conflicts and crises by the AU and RECs/RMs; enhanced operational readiness of African Peace Support Operations; the resolution of conflicts and crises through mediation, as well as support to Member States and communities emerging from conflict.
- The EU supports the network of AU Liaison Offices (AU LOs) in conflict and post-conflict countries to support the establishment of crisis follow-up mechanisms, and to monitor fragile situations.
→ 14 AU Liaison Offices supported by the EU and other partners in 2017
- The EU also supports staff costs of AUC Peace and Security Department (PSD) in their efforts to implement the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA):
→ 169 staff supported by the EU and other partners in 2017
- Through a targeted programme, the EU is also supporting the establishment of a Command, Control, Communication and Information System (C3IS), to provide secure satellite communication services and operational systems to facilitate situation awareness, tracking and reporting in the context of African-led peace support operations.
- Through the EU Joint Research Centre (JRC), the APF supports the operationalization of the AU Continental Early Warning System (CEWS), in order to strengthen capacities of the AU to better detect, analyse and thus prevent conflicts in Africa.
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Key successes & achievements
- The AU and RECs intervened in 28 conflicts through diplomacy, mediation, peace support operations (PSOs) or a combination. Among these interventions, 78% were deemed to be successful or partially successful in either de-escalating or preventing conflict.