1st Africa-EU Summit, Cairo, Egypt, 2000
The 1st Summit took place in Cairo in 2000. It was the first meeting at the continental level between European and African leaders, where both sides expressed their commitment to come together and give a new dimension to their partnership.
2nd Africa-EU Summit, Lisbon, Portugal, 2007
The 2nd Summit took place in Lisbon in 2007 and put Africa-EU relations on a new and equal footing. The two sides agreed to move from donorship to partnership symbolised by the first ever Joint Strategy and to address together the new challenges and opportunities at the global level.
3rd Africa-EU Summit, 29 – 30 November 2010 in Libya
The 3rd Summit took an inclusive approach beyond institutions, in which a series of side-events took place that brought together representatives from civil society, youth, private sector, trade unions, researchers and scientists from both continents. The objective was to provide further impetus to the Joint Africa-EU Strategy as a "people-centred partnership", inviting all stakeholders to actively contribute to its implementation.
The 3rd Summit adopted the Second Action Plan (2011-13) of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy. At the 14th Africa – EU Ministerial meeting in April 2010, ministers took note of the expectations and challenges ahead of the 3rd Africa-EU Summit in Libya and urged all actors to speed-up their implementation efforts, including on the elaboration of the Action Plan for 2011 – 2013. This process culminated into the final adoption of the Action Plan in Tripoli.
In line with the First Action Plan, its successor focused on 8 priority areas of cooperation:
- Peace and security;
- Democratic governance and human rights;
- Regional economic integration, trade and infrastructure;
- Millennium Development Goals;
- Climate change;
- Migration, mobility and employment;
- Science, information society and space.
The Heads of State and Governments of Africa and the EU also adopted the 'Tripoli declaration' at the end of the Summit, (re)committing to seize together new opportunities for broader and mutually beneficial initiatives. The declaration reflected the determinacy to progress in the identified priority areas of cooperation and towards reaching the Millennium Development Goals in Africa.