Migration, mobility and employment in depth

The Africa-EU Migration, Mobility and Employment (MME) Partnership aims to ensure sustainable development through better management of and joint cooperation on MME issues. It pushes for the implementation of relevant international agreements and declarations, in particular the Tripoli Declaration on Migration and Development, the Ouagadougou Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, Especially Women and Children and the Ouagadougou Declaration and Plan of Action for Promotion of Employment and Poverty Alleviation.

Setting out priorities

The Second Action Plan, adopted at the third Africa-EU Summit in 2010 builds on the achievements of the first Action Plan and identifies priorities for 2011-2013.  There are two main strands: (a) enhancing dialogue, and (b) identifying and implementing concrete actions. In direct relation to strategies on employment, mobility and addressing brain drain, higher education has become an integral component of the partnership.

Enhancing dialogue

Dialogue on all MME topics focuses on how to enhance coherence and synergies between migration, mobility, employment and higher education policies and initiatives on the one hand, and development and poverty reduction strategies on the other.

Implementing actions

The Second Action Plan identifies concrete actions at inter-regional and inter-continental levels:

  • Facilitation of dialogue between the partners through a Support Project;

  • Establishment of an African Institute for Remittances (AIR) to provide for better, more effective and safer remittances transfer systems;

  • Implementation of the Human Trafficking Initiative to strengthen protection, prevention and prosecution of trafficking in human beings;

  • Establishment of a European diaspora platform as part of the Diaspora Outreach Initiative to engage the diaspora in the development of Africa;

  • Creation of a network of researchers and research centres at the Observatory on Migration to gather reliable, harmonised data on migration;

  • Launch of the Decent Work Initiative extending social protection coverage in particular in the informal economy;

  • Launch of a labour market governance and capacity building initiative, for strengthening capacity of labour market institutions in Africa, and organisation of regional and sub-regional fora on employment, labour, social protection and labour migration;

  • Improve access to finance and guarantees for the poorest and underserved;

  • Further implementation of the Nyerere Programme providing scholarships to African students, scholars and academic staff;

  • Launch of the Pan-African University, a network of African higher education institutions;

  • Review of progress on mutual recognition of qualifications in Africa through African Higher Education Harmonisation and Tuning.

For more details, see the fiches on each of these priority initiatives here.